Category Archive: Articles / Videos

Video: PRINCE2 Introduction: Pre-Course (FREE)

This Introductory PRINCE2 Online Course offers a high level introduction to the PRINCE2 and the Process Model, so you see how a project works and the relationship between the different processes the themes. You will also see when, where and by who the important project documents are created, the role of the Project Manager and …

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Permanent link to this article: http://www.cosmopolitalians.eu/video-prince2-introduction-pre-course-free/

The Ultimate EU Career Development Book

What is the book for? Unlocking and developing the potential of staff is a challenge for all organisations, whether private or public sector. It is especially an issue for the EU administration given its relatively slow turnover of permanent officials and the scale and changing nature of the challenges its staff face. Staff selection for …

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Permanent link to this article: http://www.cosmopolitalians.eu/the-ultimate-eu-career-development-book/

What Are the Main Sources of Data for Marketing Research?

The availability and quality of data is mainly dependent on the source of data. The various sources of data can be broadly classified as: Primary sources Secondary sources 1. Primary Sources: Information, which has been gathered for the first time, is called primary data. Here, the sources, expected to have the desired information, are contacted …

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Permanent link to this article: http://www.cosmopolitalians.eu/main-sources-data-marketing-research/

Community Development Financial Institutions (CDFIs)

A number of alternative lending institutions can serve a broad range of needs in emerging domestic markets. Although they share the common vision of expanding economic opportunity, and improving the quality of life for low-income people and communities, the four CDFI sectors—banks, credit unions, loan funds, and venture capital (VC) funds—are characterized by different business …

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Permanent link to this article: http://www.cosmopolitalians.eu/community-development-financial-institutions-cdfis/

What are the Different Challenges to International Trade?

Entering and succeeding in international trade is not without its challenges, but overcoming those challenges can lead to global entrepreneurial success. Recognizing sources of potential difficulties and planning to meet and overcome them is the key to success. Global marketing has inherent risks from external factors—such as economic or political changes in individual countries—as well …

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Permanent link to this article: http://www.cosmopolitalians.eu/different-challenges-international-trade/

How Does the Communication Process Work?

Communication can be thought of as a process or flow. Communication problems occur when deviations or blockages disrupt that flow. Before communication can take place, a purpose, expressed as a message to be conveyed, is needed. It passes between a source (the sender) and a receiver. The message is encoded (converted to symbolic form) and …

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Permanent link to this article: http://www.cosmopolitalians.eu/communication-process-work/

How Does Expectancy Theory Explain Motivation?

The most comprehensive explanation of how employees are motivated is Victor Vroom’s expectancy theory. Although the theory has its critics, most research evidence supports it. Expectancy theory states that an individual tends to act in a certain way based on the expectation that the act will be followed by a given outcome and on the …

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Permanent link to this article: http://www.cosmopolitalians.eu/expectancy-theory-explain-motivation/

How Can Managers Encourage Innovation In An Organization?

“Innovation is the key to continued success.” “We innovate today to secure the future.” These two quotes (the first by Ajay Banga, the CEO of MasterCard, and the second by Sophie Vandebroek, chief technology officer of Xerox Innovation Group) reflect how important innovation is to organizations. Success in business today demands innovation. In the dynamic, …

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Permanent link to this article: http://www.cosmopolitalians.eu/can-managers-encourage-innovation-organization/

Who Initiates Organizational Change?

Organizational changes need a catalyst. People who act as catalysts and assume the responsibility for managing the change process are called change agents. Any manager can be a change agent. When we talk about organizational change, we assume that it’s initiated and carried out by a manager within the organization. However, the change agent could …

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Permanent link to this article: http://www.cosmopolitalians.eu/initiates-organizational-change/

Wroclaw and San Sebastian: European Capitals of Culture in 2016

The Polish and the Spanish cities will mark the 31st year of one of the most popular EU projects. Wroclaw (Poland) and San Sebastian (Spain) are the European Capitals of Culture in 2016. The cultural programme will officially begin on 17 January in Wroclaw in the presence of Tibor Navracsics, Commissioner for Education, Culture, Youth …

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Permanent link to this article: http://www.cosmopolitalians.eu/wroclaw-and-san-sebastian-european-capitals-of-culture-in-2016/

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